Friday, December 6, 2013

Overview of Swiss Costume


Hello all,

I received a request for some information the traditional clothing of Switzerland, especially of the area around Luzern, so I will give a very short overview of this information.

Switzerland, as is well known, is a multilingual nation which strongly identifies as one ethnicity. This is extremely unusual, and is rooted in the fact that the Swiss Confederation was voluntary on the part of its citizens, at least at first, and as it grew, that was still mostly true. 

Here is a linguistic map of Switzerland, one showing the names of the cantons, and one showing more detail.



Covering the cantons from the northeast, going counter-clockwise. This is a very short and incomplete overview.

Allemanisch or 'German' Switzerland:

St. Gallen







Appenzell







Thurgau




Schaffhausen

 

Zurich




Zug




 

Schwyz




Glarus






Uri







 Unterwalden
[includes Obwalden and Nidwalden]






Luzern








Aargau







Basel







Solothurn






Bern
This is a large canton with several costumes, here is just a sample.

Emmental
where the famous cheese comes from

Emmental on the right, Bern midlands on the left
Berner Mutz


Oberhasli

Saanenland


'French' and Savoy, or 'Welschland' Switzerland. 
[Welsch is an old Germanic word meaning 'people whose language we don't understand']

 Jura






Neuchâtel






Fribourg






Vaud





Geneva






Valais/Wallis
The west half of the canton is French/Arpitan speaking, and the east half is German/Allemanisch speaking. This canton is also rather large and rich in costumes.







Ticino 
This, along with a couple of the southern valleys of Graubuenden, makes up 'Italian' Switzerland.







Grischun/Grigioni/Graubuenden/Grisons
The last canton, home of the Romansch language, also home to German/Allemanish and Italian speakers.






Thank you for reading, I hope that you have found this interesting and informative.


Feel free to contact me with requests for research. I hope to eventually cover all of Europe and the Former Russian Empire/Soviet Union. I also gratefully accept tips on source materials which i may not have. I also accept commissions to research/design, sew, and/or embroider costumes or other items for groups or individuals.
Roman K.

email:  Rkozakand@aol.com  


Source material:
Lotti Schuerch - Louise Witzig, 'Trachten der Sweiz', Bern, 1978
Louise Witzig, 'Schweizer Trachtenbuch', Zurich, 1954
Louise Witzig et Edwige Eberle, 'Costumes Suisse', Lausanne, 

 



10 comments:

  1. Wat heb ik genoten van al deze prachtige kleding.
    Als Hollandse zijn wij wel bekend met de klederdracht.

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  2. Thank you so much for all your hard work and effort to compile this!

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  3. Thank you very much for this! Have a question about one region in the Valais, Val d"Illiez, I have an ancestor that came from there and was noticing the womens costumes were slacks and a red sash! Do you know the history behind this by any chance?

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  4. I need a Swiss costume. can you tell me where I can get one in a large size?

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  5. Your blog is beautiful! My husband's Bern black velvet jacket has lost a couple of silver buttons. Would you please advise me where to purchase some?

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    1. https://knopftruhe.de/knoepfe-trachtenknoepfe?p=1
      try this website. Or you can email the Bernese cultural website or cultural groups, or trachtengruppe.

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  6. Чы вы размавляеце па расейску? Я маю пытанне пра адзёжу гэтага рэгiёна.

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    1. Добрый день. Спасибо за интересную информацию о народном костюме швейцарцев. Как я понимаю, это главным образом праздничная одежда крестьян. Меня однако весьма интересует повседневный костюм австрийской или швейцарской аристократии, мелкопоместного (может быть, обедневшего) дворянства в альпийских регионах в 1880-1890 гг? Были ли в их повседневном костюме какие-то специфические, самобытные, национальные элементы? Исторические детали из прошлых веков? Или они носили усредненную европейскую одежду: дамы - по журнальной моде, мужчины - пиджак, брюки и так далее, как всюду, в Лондоне, Берлине, Копенгагене? Был ли их повседневный костюм похож на знаменитый костюм альпийских туристов? Дамы, барыни, как я понимаю, конечно, не носили простонародный dirndl, но и нарядные платья они надевали не каждый день, верно? Носили ли мужчины куртки, короткие штаны culottes, высокие до колен чулки? Ведь аристократия, бароны, князья это не клерки, не нотариусы, не купцы, и поэтому деловой костюм меня не интересует. Я, возможно, задал слишком сложный и обширный вопрос, но надеюсь, вы посоветуете какую-нибудь литературу, картины живописцев или, может быть, кинокартины. Спасибо в любом случае.

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