Stockings knitted with a strong texture are put on and secured with garters.
Over this is worn the 'krilo' or wings, which is a very full petticoat, made of thick linen or cotton, and starched so that it stands out from the body in waves.
It may be fastened to a waistband, or it may have its own bodice.
Here is a woman ironing one of these, you can get a sense of its dimensions.
Now comes the blouse. It has sleeves which are very full at the top, smock-gathered into the shoulder, and which taper towards the wrist. There is no cuff, but a portion of the sleeve may be turned back. This is finished with whitework embroidery.
The sleeve ends, the body just above the sleeves, and the collar may be ornamented with whitework and possibly lace.
Now we can put on the outer garments.
The skirt and bodice are sewn together, the skirt being very full and pleated all around except possibly for a panel in front. It is made of a single solid color, black, navy, blue, chestnut, etc. usually with a green strip sewn onto the hem. Sometimes it is closed in front with buttons, other times it is left open.
The bodice may be open to the waist or have a panel connecting the front pieces.
This diagram shows one skirt panel. In general, 7 such panels are used to make the skirt. The winter costume, which is now seldom worn, has a petticoat sewn in the same way as this outer skirt.
Each pleat is sewn in by hand, in a technique similar to smocking, and a waistband is sewn over the finished product.
The bodice is sewn of a patterned material, often the same as that used for the men's vests. Generally a solid dark color with a scattered floral pattern, or it may include stripes. The armholes and neck/front opening are bound with a wide band of material, often topstitched, with a secondary edging of rickrack or narrow ribbon, sometimes with small 'prairie points or other ornamentation. Here are some examples.
The apron is sewn in a similar manner, using only one panel. The apron is usually of a printed cloth, in a wide variety of colors and patterns. It may have tucks. Since such an outfit is expected to last many years, the opportunity was taken to show off fine sewing skills. This is typical for folk costumes.
A silk kerchief is folded diagonally and pinned across the chest with a brooch, the ends wrapping around the waist and hanging behind. The kerchief is the same as those worn in Gorenjsko, with fringe. Often a corner is left hanging in front from where it is pinned.
A leather belt is worn with this outfit. It is embellished with the quill and thread embroidery so common in Tyrol, Gorenjsko and other nearby regions. It is unusual to see such a belt worn by women, however. It is made in three parts, joined by a ring. The ring is worn at the hip, one part wraps around the waist from behind, the second, shorter part hooks behind the first in front, and the third hangs from the waist, this hanging part may be long or short. A clump of ribbons generally is also attached at the ring to hang down the hip as well. In keeping with west European tradition, the year of manufacture is often embroidered onto the belt.
Low lace-up boots are worn. These are often highly ornamented.
Low shoes may be worn as well.
Most commonly today, a simple kerchief is tied around the head, but in the past another headdress was worn, quite similar to the zavijačka worn in Gorenjsko. This is called the pintl. The basic form is the same, but instead of an embroidered velvet band being sewn on top of the head, an embroidered white linen flounce is sewn onto the front, being pleated many times so that it frames the face. Here is the structure, and some examples of the embroidery.
Here is a photo of one. If you look closely, you can see the whitework on the flounce.
The pleats to either side may be over or under the central flat portion.
The men's costume is not significantly different from that of Gorenjsko or other parts of Carinthia.
White linen shirt.
A vest is worn, usually sewn of a dark cloth with a scattered spot design, but sometimes of a silk plaid. It is closed with many silver buttons. It is often single-breasted as in Gorenjsko, but may be double-breasted. It extends to the waist and is cut straight across the bottom edge, with no points.
For full dress, a jacket is worn with this outfit. It greatly resembles the modern day suit jacket, with fold down collar and lapels. These were mostly made by professional tailors.
Thank you for reading, I hope that you have found this interesting and informative.
Slideshow of a festival in this region.
A group performing a medley of dances and songs from Ziljska Dolina.
A group of Gailtal men singing in Slovene. they are wearing plain black pants with the traditional outfit.
There are many facebook pages devoted to Folk Costume these days.
They are becoming a valuable resource.
Marija Makarovič, Jana Dolenc, 'Zilja - Slovenska Ljudska Noša v Besedi in Podobi 5', Ljubljana, 1991
Marija Makarovič, 'Slovenska ljudska noša', Ljubljana, 1971
Franz Hubmann, 'Land und Leut', Wien [Vienna], 1979
James Snowden, 'The Folk Dress of Europe', New York, 1979
Maria Rehm, 'Oesterreichs Trachtenbuechlein', Innsbruck, 1981